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Mahayana Buddhism is the state religion of the country. Bhutan is considered the last bastion of this Tantric form of Vajrayana Buddhism. Ever since its introduction in the eighth century, Buddhism has shaped the nation’s history and played a vital part in the life of its people.

While Buddhism is the main religion, Lhotshampas follow Hinduism.

The sacred monasteries that sit precariously on sheer cliffs, the fluttering prayer flags that line the high ridges, the monk who chant day and night, give the kingdom an aura that comes from old time.

Bhutanese culture and tradition are deeply rooted in and influenced by Buddhist values. Most Bhutanese start their day by offering water and prayers at the altar, which is a salient feature of every Bhutanese home. 

Throughout  Bhutan, from the most densely populated valleys to the most remote mountain way-stops, religious monuments and symbols bear witness to a deep and respected faith. One comes across prayer wheels, prayer flags and the sacred mantra Om Mani Padme Hung carved on stone slabs and rocky hillsides. Chortens (Stupas) housing the sacred relics dot the landscape, Goenpas (Monasteries) and Lhakhangs (Temples), some dating back to as early as the eighth century, are the focal point of each village

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